Hand and Wrist Joint Inflammation - Description and treatment

Do you feel severe pain in the joints of your hand or wrist? Are there signs such as swelling, stiffness or redness? You may suffer from an inflammatory joint disease which can lead to limited mobility and deformities of the joint, e.g., contorted fingers or hands.

Warning:Do not use this or any other article on the internet to diagnose yourself. Only physicians can correctly diagnose patients. Do not postpone seeing your physician to resolve your health issues in time.

Would you like to manage your pain, swelling or inflammation? Try a patented 3D Biomag pulsed magnetic therapy application.
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Záněty klouHand and wrist joint inflammation - description, treatmentbů ruky a zápěstí - popis diagnózy a léčba
Picture : Hand and Wrist Joint Inflammation

Characteristics of Hand and Wrist Joint Inflammation and its Causes

Inflammation of hand and wrist joints can be infectious or non-infectious. The most common cause of non-infectious inflammation of small hand and wrist joints is rheumatoid arthritis.

With rheumatoid arthritis, the immunity system attacks its own tissues. Inflammation inside the joint causes swelling, pain to the touch, and stiffness. After some time, the inflammation leads to destruction and deformation of the joint – progressive polyarthritis i.e., rheumatism. The disease limits patients’ performance of everyday activities and may lead to permanent disability.

In the most severe cases, layers of the articular surface disappear. This leads to deformities of the joint – such as when fingers turn towards the little-finger-side of the hand. Osteophytes also might grow on the finger joints.

The risk factors for development of rheumatoid arthritis are:

  • Excess weight and obesity,
  • injuries,
  • excess strain on the joints by inappropriate and repeated movement.

Hand and Wrist Joint Inflammation Treatment – Rid yourself of the Pain

Treatment of infectious inflammation of hand or wrist joints is managed by administering drugs (targeted antibiotics, etc.) for eliminating the specific determined agent.

Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (joint inflammation) is based on reducing pain and decelerating progression of the disease.

A wide range of drugs of various groups are used to treat joint arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Drug treatment in the form of on-steroid anti-rheumatics is utilised to decelerate inflammatory processes.

Inflammatory processes can be supressed by corticosteroids.

Apart from conventional synthetic disease modifying anti-rheumatics (most commonly methotrexate), there are other substances in the group of biological and targeted synthetic disease modifying drugs (e.g. anti-TNF-α antibodies, biological medicaments with a different mechanism effect, targeted synthetic inhibitors, etc.) These drugs can be used individually or in combination.

Support treatment to reduce pain may consist of ultrasound therapy, laser, polarised light, galvanisation or thermotherapy. Adjustments to patient’s environment and lifestyle are therapeutically important. Preventive measures lie within complex care of the immune system and proper treatment of infectious diseases.

Rehabilitation and spa treatment promotes mobility of affected joints, decelerates progression of the disease and supresses some of the symptoms – mainly pain and swelling.

  • Non-steroid antirheumatics – non-steroid medicament with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Analgesic effect – pain suppressing.

A wide range of methods are used – from gymnastics, through physical therapy (massages, baths, local application of cold – cryotherapy), utilising electric current, magnetic field to polarised light. Surgical treatment offers yet more options.

Within the rehabilitation treatment, low-frequency pulsed magnetic therapy has its place in treating some symptoms of inflammation of the wrist and hand joints as it utilises the analgesic, anti-swelling and healing effects with the support of anti-inflammatory effect.

Home applications are a huge convenience which allows the patient to continue intensive rehabilitation at home, out of hospital facilities.

Patented 3D Biomag pulsed therapy. How does it work?

The basic principle of 3D Biomag magnetic therapy is generating electromagnetic pulses. The generated pulses can penetrate through layers of clothing and even body tissues to the place of application. These pulses have specially developed biotropic parameters (e.g. frequency, profile, intensity), thanks to which the pulsed magnetotherapy affects various health conditions.

The term pulse magnetic therapy is most commonly used for physiotherapy using the principle of electromagnetic pulses. The abbreviation PEMF is used in order to be concise.

Patented 3D Biomag technology ensures more precise and uninterrupted pulse profiles, enhances output, and allows pulses to come from various angles.

Pulsed magnetic therapy is not meant to treat inflammation of the wrist and hand joints itself. Such treatment can only be recommended by a physician. Magnetic therapy application is used on symptoms of inflammation of the wrist and hand joints such as pain, swelling and inflammation.

Important information

Carefully read the user guide provided by the producer and consult a physician about your health before using any medical device.

Biomag® Lumina 3D-e is an active therapeutic device – a medical device for individual use or in combination with other medical treatment and devices as a supplemental therapy within a comprehensive treatment plan.

The goal of Biomag® low frequency pulsed magnetic field therapy is to utilise its biological effects on tissue in a way that helps mitigate some symptoms. These symptoms are primarily pain, swelling, spasms, and changes in microcirculation. It also promotes healing and mitigates those symptoms that can be influenced by these effects.

Physiological changes in tissue after application of Biomag® magnetic therapy occur due to pain mitigation and vasodilation of capillaries and precapillaries, which leads to the following treatment effects:

  • pain-relieving – analgesic, reduces pain
  • healing – promoting regeneration, anti-inflammatory
    and anti-rheumatic effects
  • anti-swelling – reduces swelling (oedema)
    myorelaxing – relaxes muscles
  • vasodilating – improves microcirculation in particular
  • metabolic-detoxifying – accelerates the elimination
    of toxins and metabolites

Intended for use on intact skin through a protective layer, e.g., disposable or other sanitary pads.

When using the Biomag® Lumina 3D-e device it is necessary to follow the Principles of safety operation together with Contraindications/Indications and use it in compliance with the specified environmental requirements. Basic safety information is shown on the device display as well.

Devices and applicators of Biomag pulsed magnetic therapy are not to be used with any of the following contraindications. Not respecting these contraindications can lead to damaged health of the patient and the device operator!

If unsure whether you understand the following list of contraindications and guidelines of safe operation of the device, use these contacts. You may prevent possible issues.

  • Pregnancy
  • Pacemaker
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Menstrual bleeding
  • Tumours
  • Severe sepsis
  • Fevers
  • Active Tuberculosis
  • Mycosis in the application area
  • Seizure disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland
  • Psychoses
  • Pain of unknown origin
  • Undetermined diagnosis
  • Contradiction to treatment recommended by a physician

If you own the AL16-LUM polarised light applicator, further contraindications are:

  • Shining directly in one’s eyes (applicable in case of applying polarised light)
  • With metabolic disorders, where skin becomes photosensitive and while using photostimulating substances (applicable in case of applying polarised light)

Side effects:
While applying treatment, special caution should be paid to patients with hypertension and        hypotension (or with predisposition to it).
Individual effects and using magnetic therapy need to be judged upon particular conditions and reactions of individual patients.

In case of unexpected reaction, immediately cease application! Proceeding with application is recommended only after seeing your attending physician based on the recommended course of action.

This list of contraindications is only general. Always heed list of contraindications in the updated version of the original guide. This guide was provided to you by the        producer along with your device.