Arthritis of the spine - Description and treatment

Do you feel back pain for longer periods of time? Is your mobility decreasing? Are you losing appetite and feel tired? Arthritis can be at fault. Back pain, especially long-term, calls for a doctor’s appointment. Timely diagnosis of the cause is essential to affecting the progression of the illness.

Warning:Do not use this or any other article on the internet to diagnose yourself. Only physicians can correctly diagnose patients. Do not postpone seeing your physician to resolve your health issues in time.

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Arthritis of the spine - description, treatment
Picture : Arthritis of the spine

Characteristics of Arthritis of the Spine and its Causes

Arthritis of the spine is a rheumatoid (inflammatory) disease.

It can be in the form of inflammation of spinal joints during rheumatoid arthritis. In these case, cervical spine joints are most commonly affected. It can also be  Bekhterev’s disease, gout arthritis or psoriatic arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis of spinal joints is most often accompanied by the symptoms of increased temperature, pain, sensitivity to touch, and swelling in the area of the affected joint. Stiffness of the joint can completely limit mobility for up to a few hours.

Stiffness is usually present in the morning. The joint gets deformed during arthritis, which can lead to severe mobility limitation. Insufficient activity then leads to weakening of tissues around the joint and later, the whole body of the affected person. Deformed joints can lose mobility altogether.

Bekhterev’s disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the spinal column, with the symptoms of stiffness and pain of the spine. It has a long and gradually worsening development. It most commonly manifests itself between the ages of 15 and 30 and more frequently in men.

The specific cause of these diseases remains unclear.

The main damaging mechanism is chronic intra-articular inflammation. In cases of Bekhterev’s disease, heredity plays a role.

Arthritis of the Spine Treatment – Rid yourself of the Pain

The main goal of treatment is to decelerate the inflammatory processes. For this purpose, non-steroid anti-rheumatics are often used. This group of drugs has an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Inflammation can also be supressed by administering corticosteroids.

Joint mobility is also is maintained through physical rehabilitation and spa treatment.

Arthritis of the spine treatment utilises similar methods to the ones other types of joint arthritis use.

Drug treatment in the form of non-steroid anti-rheumatics is used. Inflammation can be supressed in its development by administering corticosteroids.

Apart from conventional synthetic disease modifying anti-rheumatics (most commonly methotrexate) there are other substances in the group of biological and targeted synthetic disease modifying drugs (e.g. anti-TNF-α antibodies, biological medicaments with a different mechanism effect, targeted synthetic inhibitors, etc.) These drugs can be used individually or in combination.

  • Non-steroid antirheumatics – non-steroid medicament with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effect.
  • corticosteroids – corticoid (produced in the adrenal cortex) hormones with anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Bekhterev’s disease – chronic spondyloarthritis.

Physical rehabilitation and spa treatment promotes mobility of affected joints, decelerates progression of the disease and supresses some of the symptoms – mainly pain and swelling.

A wide range of methods is used – from gymnastics, through physical therapy (massages, baths, local application of cold – cryotherapy), utilising electric current, magnetic field to polarised light. Surgical treatment offers yet more options.

Within the rehabilitation treatment low-frequency pulsed magnetic therapy has its place in treating some symptoms of arthritis of the joints as it utilises the analgesic, anti-swelling and healing effects with the support of anti-inflammatory effect.

Home applications are a huge convenience which allows the patient to continue intensive rehabilitation at home, out of hospital facilities.

Patented 3D Biomag pulsed therapy. How does it work?

The basic principle of 3D Biomag magnetic therapy is generating electromagnetic pulses. The generated pulses can penetrate through layers of clothing and even body tissues to the place of application. These pulses have specially developed biotropic parameters (e.g. frequency, profile, intensity), thanks to which the pulsed magnetotherapy affects various health conditions.

The term pulse magnetic therapy is most commonly used for physiotherapy using the principle of electromagnetic pulses. The abbreviation PEMF is used in order to be concise.

Patented 3D Biomag technology ensures more precise and uninterrupted pulse profiles, enhances output, and allows pulses to come from various angles.

Pulsed magnetic therapy is not meant to treat arthritis of the spine itself. Such treatment can only be recommended by a physician. Magnetic therapy application is used on symptoms such as pain, swelling and inflammation.

Important information

Carefully read the user guide provided by the producer and consult a physician about your health before using any medical device.

Biomag® Lumina 3D-e is an active therapeutic device – a medical device for individual use or in combination with other medical treatment and devices as a supplemental therapy within a comprehensive treatment plan.

The goal of Biomag® low frequency pulsed magnetic field therapy is to utilise its biological effects on tissue in a way that helps mitigate some symptoms. These symptoms are primarily pain, swelling, spasms, and changes in microcirculation. It also promotes healing and mitigates those symptoms that can be influenced by these effects.

Physiological changes in tissue after application of Biomag® magnetic therapy occur due to pain mitigation and vasodilation of capillaries and precapillaries, which leads to the following treatment effects:

  • pain-relieving – analgesic, reduces pain
  • healing – promoting regeneration, anti-inflammatory
    and anti-rheumatic effects
  • anti-swelling – reduces swelling (oedema)
    myorelaxing – relaxes muscles
  • vasodilating – improves microcirculation in particular
  • metabolic-detoxifying – accelerates the elimination
    of toxins and metabolites

Intended for use on intact skin through a protective layer, e.g., disposable or other sanitary pads.

When using the Biomag® Lumina 3D-e device it is necessary to follow the Principles of safety operation together with Contraindications/Indications and use it in compliance with the specified environmental requirements. Basic safety information is shown on the device display as well.

Devices and applicators of Biomag pulsed magnetic therapy are not to be used with any of the following contraindications. Not respecting these contraindications can lead to damaged health of the patient and the device operator!

If unsure whether you understand the following list of contraindications and guidelines of safe operation of the device, use these contacts. You may prevent possible issues.

  • Pregnancy
  • Pacemaker
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Menstrual bleeding
  • Tumours
  • Severe sepsis
  • Fevers
  • Active Tuberculosis
  • Mycosis in the application area
  • Seizure disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland
  • Psychoses
  • Pain of unknown origin
  • Undetermined diagnosis
  • Contradiction to treatment recommended by a physician

If you own the AL16-LUM polarised light applicator, further contraindications are:

  • Shining directly in one’s eyes (applicable in case of applying polarised light)
  • With metabolic disorders, where skin becomes photosensitive and while using photostimulating substances (applicable in case of applying polarised light)

Side effects:
While applying treatment, special caution should be paid to patients with hypertension and        hypotension (or with predisposition to it).
Individual effects and using magnetic therapy need to be judged upon particular conditions and reactions of individual patients.

In case of unexpected reaction, immediately cease application! Proceeding with application is recommended only after seeing your attending physician based on the recommended course of action.

This list of contraindications is only general. Always heed list of contraindications in the updated version of the original guide. This guide was provided to you by the        producer along with your device.